doctrine that sees meritocracy as the best political regime.
It accepts standpoint of right libertarianism that every individual
has exclusive right to dispose with everything he has earned
only with the help of his talents and efforts. But the left
libertarianism rejects the thesis of its right relative that
the initial acquisition of natural resources could be unrestricted
or only mildly limited. This theory claims that external or
natural resources should be divided equally to all members
of a society. This means that every individual starting a
life should get a right to use equal amount of natural resources
as everybody else. (For this reason the doctrine is also called
starting-gate theory.) What an individual makes of these resources
afterwards depends on his personal characteristics, whatever
they are, and bears full responsibility for this. It must
be stressed that limitations put on the personal control of
external resources do not apply only to initial acquisition
but also to inheritance of property which is severely restricted
too. In short, this theory wants to exclude impact of received
social position of an individual on his economic destiny and
tries to secure success in life to the talented and industrious.
defender of this theory is Hillel Steiner.